About Applying Taxes to Invoices
You can apply taxes in AR Invoice Entry if you selected the Post Taxes on Invoices check box in AR Company Parameters.
If you do not select the check box all tax-related fields in AR Invoice Entry are disabled and taxes cannot be posted to invoices. This holds true for contract-related invoices as well, regardless of whether a tax code has been assigned to the contract.
If you are applying taxes to a contract invoice, the tax code defaults as assigned to the invoice line's contract item and is used calculate the tax amount. The tax amount is then applied to the line's total.
If no tax code is assigned to the contract item, you can still post taxes to the invoice line by manually entering the tax code as applicable.
If you apply taxes to a non-contract invoice, the tax code specified for the customer (AR Customers) is used to calculate the tax amount.
About Retainage Tax
- Calculate Tax on Retainage - If you select this option, retainage is included in tax calculations. The Tax Basis used to calculate the tax amount for each invoice line (red arrow) includes the line's retainage amount. When the invoice is posted, the full amount of tax (blue arrow) is updated to the tax payables account (Credit GL Account in HQ Tax Codes) and is due for payment. If you do not select the Calculate Tax on Retainage option, tax calculations exclude retainage. However, tax is calculated for the retainage when it is released (in AR Release Retainage).
Distribute Tax to
Retainage - If you select this option (only available if
calculating tax on retainage), the tax calculation for retainage is handled
differently. In this case, retainage tax is tracked separately and
therefore, not included in the tax basis (red arrow). The system calculates
the invoice tax amount (tax basis x tax rate) and displays the amount in the
Tax field (blue arrow). It then calculates the retainage tax (retainage x
tax rate) and displays the amount in the Retainage Tax field (green arrow).
When the invoice is processed, the Tax amount is updated to the tax payables
account and the Retainage Tax is updated to the Credit GL Retg Account
(specified in HQ Tax Codes). The retainage tax will be due for payment when
the retainage is released.
You will typically not use this feature for US companies, as retainage tax is not generally withheld as part of the retention amount. Its intended use is for those countries using Value Added Tax (VAT), where retainage tax is withheld for later release (e.g., Canada, Australia, etc.). When processing VAT-related transactions, the update will credit the GST/PST tax expense accounts, as well as the GST/PST retainage tax payable accounts.
About Posting Taxes on Intercompany Invoices
If you post an intercompany invoice to which tax has been applied, the tax liability will remain with the Accounts Receivable company.
For example, if Co #1 posts an invoice of $1050 (includes $50 tax) to a contract in JC Co #2, Co #1 will receive a debit of $1050 to their Receivables account, a credit of $50 to their Sales Tax Payable account, and a credit of $1000 to their Intercompany Payables account. Co #2 will receive a debit of $1000 to their Intercompany Receivables account and a credit of $1000 to their Contract Revenue account.
Taxes on Adjustments, Credit Memos, and Write-Offs
When entering adjustments for a transaction line, the tax code field is disabled. If the adjustment is being entered to correct the tax code, follow these steps:
Apply equal negative values to the existing line. This will, in effect, zero out the line to cancel it.
Add a new line with the appropriate amounts. You can now enter the correct tax code in the Tax Code field. The system will now distribute tax amounts to the correct tax code.
Additionally, for contract-related invoices, if the Interface Taxes option in JC Contracts is checked, taxes calculated for each invoice line will update the JCCM (Contracts form) and the JCCI (Contract Items) files. In both cases, taxes will be added to the revenue or billing-to-date on the contract.